Farmers are guaranteed a loyal, energetic “employee” when they adopt a Border Collie. This is one of the hardest working dogs thriving on praise. Sheila, the first civilian dog ever awarded the PDSA Dicken medal, for her part in rescuing the crew of a B-17 Flying Fortress, which crashed into the Cheviot Hills, Northumberland. They love to take on new tasks, and make the ideal dog for farmers and ranchers. Five of those 20 sheep will have collars on, and at the end of a triangular drive, the sheep are gathered into a circular "shedding ring" and the 15 sheep without collars driven away as the five collared sheep are kept inside the ring and then penned. In general, border collies are medium-sized dogs with a moderate amount of coat, which is more often thick and prone to shedding. Often allergic to fleas. [34][36] Sheepdogs must be directed through obstacles at varying distance from the handler, and then the dog must demonstrate the ability to do work close at hand by penning the sheep and sorting them out.[37]. Reproductive cycle of the female Border Collie: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. Get Bichon facts here. He was bred by Adam Telfer from Roy, a black and tan dog, and Meg, a black-coated, strong-eyed dog. Considered highly intelligent, extremely energetic, acrobatic and athletic, they frequently compete with great success in sheepdog trials and dog sports. Wiston Cap sired three Supreme Champions and is grand-sire of three others, one of whom was E. W. Edwards' Bill, who won the championship twice. NCL results in severe neurological impairment and early death; afflicted dogs rarely survive beyond two years of age. Blue. Height: (At the withers) Males 48 – 56 cm, Females 46 – 53 cm Weight: Males 14 – 20 kg, Females 12 – 19 kg Best suited as: Pet, working, or show dog with a very active owner or family Lifespan: 12-15 years Popularity: This breed is included in Australia’s 10 most popular dog breeds. They weigh from 30 to 55 pounds (14 to 25 kg), males standing at 19–22 inches (48–56 cm) tall and females being 18–21 inches (46–53 cm) in height. CEA is a congenital, inherited eye disease involving the retina, choroid, and sclera that sometimes affects Border Collies. Anonymous. His bloodlines all trace back to the early registered dogs of the stud book, and to J. M. Wilson's Cap, whose name occurs 16 times within seven generations in his pedigree. A bright, alert expression is a distinctive feature of the Smithfield. Border Collie’s are highly intelligent dogs and it’s said that they tend to instinctively know what their master is about to ask of them before they even give the command. Many families are attracted to the breed because of their medium build and energy, but this energy can quickly become a problem if it is not channeled in the proper ways. Other diseases found less commonly include glaucoma, juvenile cataracts, osteochondritis, hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus and canine cyclic neutropaenia, carpal soft-tissue injury. Height female: 46–53 c.. Border Collies are famous frisbee and agility champions. Never leave a Border Collie off a leash when in an open area, or they will take chase and nip at people. In 1915, James Reid, Secretary of the International Sheep Dog Society (ISDS) in the United Kingdom first used the term "Border Collie" to distinguish those dogs registered by the ISDS from the Kennel Club's Collie (or Scotch Collie, including the Rough Collie and Smooth Collie) which originally came from the same working stock but had developed a different, standardised appearance following introduction to the show ring in 1860 and mixture with different types breeds. Individuals with drop ears are especially prone to ear infections, and weekly cleanings with a veterinarian-recommended cleanser are essential. Border collies exhibiting basic herding instincts can be trained to compete in sheepdog trials and other herding events. 1855, Murrumbidgee, NSW), his brother and Alec McLeod at Canonbar, near Nyngan (north-west of Sydney), brought Hindhope Jed to Australia, where she enjoyed considerable success at sheep dog trials. Breed standards state that its tail must be slightly curved and must stop at the hock. Shepherds in the UK have taken the most critical elements of herding and incorporated them into a sheepdog trial. [citation needed] Some of the more difficult behaviors require patience, as they are developmental and may disappear as the dog matures. Dogs homozygous for the merle gene, sometimes referred to as "double merles", are likely to have ocular and/or auditory defects. Border Collies have a flat skull, dark brown oval eyes, a long tail that reaches to the hock, and a muzzle that tapers to the black nose. In deference to the dog's working origin, scars and broken teeth received in the line of duty are not to be counted against a Border Collie in the show ring. Why don’t you check out our 350+ impressive classic collection of Border Collie names for rough dogs. In the UK, there are two separate registries for border collies. Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm) Male: 26-28 inches (66-71 cm), Female: 24-26 inches (61-66 cm) Avg. Originally bred to tend flocks of sheep, they would spend hours a day running and herding and are their happiest when they are at work. Height: male: 48–56 cm, female: 46–53 cm Border Terrier I have to declare an interest – I have a Border Terrier called Jess, he’s my son’s dog and has been with us through many of life’s challenges and milestones. Height – Males 48 – 56 cm, Females 46 – 53 cm; Weight – Males 14 – 20 kg, Females 12 – 19 kg; Pedigree Breed – Yes – KC Recognised in the Pastoral Group; Most intelligent breed. These dogs will become distressed and frustrated if left in isolation, ignored or inactive. Hindhope Jed had won three trials in her native Scotland, and was considered to be the "best to cross the equator".[33]. As for Australian shephards they reach Dogs 20-23 inches (52-58cm.) Because they need so much exercise, it can be difficult to prevent severe anxiety. There is no treatment or cure, but a DNA test is now available to detect carriers as well as affected dogs. Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm) Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm) Weight: Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg) Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg) Colors: Black. Male: 21.5 inches (55 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (46–53 cm) Male: 20.5 inches (52 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (49.5 cm) Hair & Care - Australian Shepherd vs Border Collie Clicker Training - Getting Started - Cindy Ludwig, Canine Connection LLC Kennel clubs specify, for example, that the border collie must have a "keen and intelligent" expression, and that the preferred eye color is dark brown. These included Hindhope Jed, a black, tan and white born in Hindhope, Scotland in 1895, as well as Maudie, Moss of Ancrum, Ness and Old Bob. Lilac. Collies were listed as imports to New Zealand as early as 1858, but the type was not specified. AKC registrations have gradually increased since recognition and by the year 2004 there were 1,984 new AKC registrations of border collies, with a further 2,378 for the year 2005. Note: Height. In 1901 the King and Mcleod stud, created by Charles Beechworth King (b. There are two types of tests, or standards, to determine the breeding quality of a Border Collie: the original ISDS sheepdog trial and appearance. The Border Collie is a working and herding dog breed developed in the Anglo-Scottish border region for herding livestock, especially sheep. Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome (TNS) is a hereditary disease in which the bone marrow produces neutrophils (white cells) but is unable to effectively release them into the bloodstream. The ISDS registry is by far the older of the two, and ISDS dogs are eligible for registration as pedigree Border Collies with the Kennel Club (KC) — but not vice versa. A female Border Collie has a height of 22 to 26 inches (56 to 66 cm) when standing, and the withers is between 18 to 21 inches (46 to 53 cm). 18-20 in) at withers. [18], Other diseases found less commonly include juvenile cataracts, osteochondritis, hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus and canine cyclic neutropaenia, carpal soft-tissue injury. Like many working breeds, border collies can be motion-sensitive and may chase moving vehicles and bicycles, but this behavior can be modified by training. There is no current treatment recommended, and it is advised to limit the episodes by avoiding the activities that trigger the collapse. They are very energetic and boast an extremely strong compulsion to herd and a strong instinct to work with man. The first type is pigment associated and is found in border collie puppies, although the puppies can have congenital sensorineural deafness from birth as well. The skull is fairly wide with a distinct stop. Height, Weight. Their obedience training is mostly started from an early age and once they start to listen to simple commands of their owners, they are ready to be taught various other … Collie Modern History: The modern history of the Collie moved on and the breed is still used as herding dog as well as a mild-tempered, athletic and tolerant family pet and companion. Height female: 46–53 c.. The height to the shoulder of a male dog is 19-22 inches (48-56 cm). A study is currently underway at The Translational Genomics Research Institute to identify the genetic cause of adult-onset hearing loss in the breed. They shed lightly throughout the year and heavier during the change in seasons. Weight: Female: 25–32 kg, Male: 30–34 kg. [35], The international test involves a "double fetch", where the sheepdog must gather 10 sheep from 800 yards away, bring them on an angle to the center of the field, and then be sent back in another direction to gather another 10 sheep, also placed 800 yards from the handler. At the time of her departure to New Zealand, Hindhope Jed was already in pup to Captain, another of the then new "Border" strain. It requires weekly brushing to keep the oils well-regulated. I had … 28 September 1963)[27] is the dog that the International Sheep Dog Society (ISDS) badge portrays in the characteristic border collie herding pose. Anonymous. Bitches 18-21 inches (46-53 cm.) He was a popular stud dog in the history of the breed, and his bloodline can be seen in most bloodlines of the modern day Collie. Height: Female: 56–58 cm, Male: 58–61 cm Boxer. Weight: Male: 14–20 kg, Female: 12–19 kg Ailments: The collie is considered to be one of the hardiest, healthiest breeds with hardly any genetic problems. Farms would be the most ideal setting for a Border Collie. Eye color varies from brown to blue, and occasionally eyes of differing color occur; this is usually seen with merles. ... surroundings. It is a two-tiered registry in that dogs imported that are registered with a foreign Kennel Club that does hold conformation shows are given a "B" registration, whereas those that come directly from other working registries are placed on the "A" registry. 19-21 ins) at withers Bitches 46-51 cm (approx. [32], At the time of her departure to New Zealand, Hindhope Jed was already in pup to Captain, another of the then-new "border" strain. [43] Inclusion on the ANKC affiliate's main register allows border collies to compete in conformation, obedience, agility, tracking, disc dog, herding and other ANKC-sanctioned events held by an ANKC affiliated club, while inclusion on the limited register prohibits entry in conformation events. The body is slightly longer than the height at the withers. Border Collie Weight: The weight of the male in this medium sized dog is 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg). 1855, Murrumbidgee, NSW), his brother and Alec McLeod at Canonbar, near Nyngan (north-west of Sydney), brought Hindhope Jed to Australia, where she enjoyed considerable success at sheepdog trials. In deference to the dog's working origin, scars and broken teeth received in the line of duty are not to be counted against a border collie in the show ring. In Australia, Border collies are registered with an Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) affiliated state control body or with a working dog registry. Weight female: 12-19 kg / 27-42 pounds Life span: 12-15 years Height . Border Collies are some of the most intelligent dogs in the world, and they need a lot of physical and mental activity. All versions of the breed feature a double coat with rough and smooth variations. The Border Collie is not recommended for apartment life. They can also be injured when running after bikes and cars. Border Collies are the Houdinis of the dog world. [49] These competitions enable farmers and shepherds to evaluate possible mates for their working dogs, but they have developed a sport aspect as well, with competitors from outside the farming community also taking part. In this role, due to their working heritage, border collies are very demanding, playful, and energetic. For this breed, the real challenge lies in keeping them engaged rather than in grooming or upkeep. Dogs registered with either working or confirmation based registries are seen in other performance events such as agility, obedience, tracking or flyball; however, these dogs do not necessarily conform to the breed standard of appearance as closely as the dogs shown in the breed rings as this is not a requirement in performance events, nor do they necessarily participate in herding activities. Weight male: 14-20 kg / 30-45 pounds They are often described as being laid-back. Female: 28 - 36 inches (70 - 91 cm), Male: 28 - 36 inches (70 - 91 cm) Weight. Australian Shepherd. It is also thought that the word 'collie' comes from the old Celtic word for useful. [6] Due to their demanding personalities and need for mental stimulation and exercise, many border collies develop problematic behaviors in households that are not able to provide for their needs. Herding A bored Border collie will not make a good pet, as it can become neurotic and may start using its escape artist talents, among other behaviour problems. Their great energy and herding instinct are still used to herd a variety of animals, from the traditional sheep and cattle, to free-range poultry, pigs, and ostriches. All pure border collies alive today can trace an ancestral line back to Old Hemp. Occasionally they will facilitate the testing of dogs used for breeding, for hip dysplasia and collie eye anomaly, to encourage the breeding of dogs without these genetic flaws. The height to the shoulder of a male dog is 19-22 inches (48-56 cm). Temperament: Tenacious, Keen, Energetic, Responsive, Alert, Intelligent. Border Collie Collapse or "the wobbles" is a disease found in many herding/working breeds. With an intense, watchful eye they tackle every task put before them with the focus of an Olympic Athlete. [16] These dogs have a normal auditory brainstem response test as pups but gradually lose their hearing sometime between one and eight years of age. The registration of working border collies in Turkey is the province of the Border Collie Dernegi (Turkish Border Collie Association)[45] established in 2007. The ones that are known to the breed, are rare and not serious concerns. Few handlers of working Border Collies participate in conformation shows, as working dogs are bred to a performance standard rather than appearance standard. 28 September 1963) is the dog that the International Sheep Dog Society (ISDS) badge portrays in the characteristic Border Collie herding pose. That’s why you need to avoid having your puppy grow with this biting habit. in height. [25] He was believed to have sired as many as 200 pups over the span of his life.[26]. Height, Weight Height: Males 19 - 22 inches (48 - 56 cm) Females 18 - 21 inches (46 - 53 cm) Weight: Males 30 - 45 pounds (14 - 20 kg) Females 27 - 42 pounds (12 - 19 kg) Health Problems Prone to epilepsy, hip dysplasia, PRA (Collie Eye Anomaly) and deafness. Mere fences can not keep them from escaping into the world. Dogs homozygous for the merle gene, sometimes referred to as "double merles", are likely to have sight and/or hearing defects. It was specifically bred for intelligence and obedience. They also excel at competitive obedience, showmanship, flyball, tracking, and sheepdog trials and herding events. The only way for a Border Collie without an ISDS pedigree to be added to the ISDS registry is by proving its worth as a herding dog so that it can be Registered on Merit (ROM). In border collies, it is generally a mild disease and rarely significantly impairs vision. The lifespan of the Border Collie is usually from 10 to 17 years, with an average lifespan of 12 years. If this breed does not have their physical and mental activity requirement met, they will develop anxiety and destructive behaviors. Bone must be strong, medium being correct but lighter bone is preferred over heavy. This designation would allow border collie owners the ability to compete in all CKC events, but the CKC would not be the registering body. Group: Terrier Life span: 12-15 years Height male: 52-58cm /.. Border Collies are often the champions of frisbee and long jump competitions, and thrive on this type of activity. There is no current diagnostic test or veterinary workup that can confirm Border Collie Collapse and the diagnosis is often given as a diagnosis of exclusion or based on clinical symptoms. Bitches 18-21 inches (46-53 cm.) Height male: 48-56 cm / 19-22 inches In the late 1890s James Lilico of Christchurch, New Zealand, imported a number of working dogs from the United Kingdom. Brindle, Black, Red, Gold, Blue Merle. Likewise, conformation-bred dogs are seldom seen on the sheepdog trial field, except in Kennel Club-sponsored events. Use this information below to see if a Border Collie would suit your lifestyle and household. Born two years after him, she is mentioned in a British Hunts and Huntsmen article concerning a Mr John Elliot of Jedburgh:[31], Mr. Elliot himself is well known for his breed of collies. The males' height from withers comes from 48 to 56 centimetres (19 to 22 in), females from 46 to 53 centimetres (18 to 21 in). The ears of the border collie are also variable — some have fully erect ears, some fully dropped ears, and others semi-erect ears (similar to those of the rough collie). It is energetic with most commonly a black and white coat (sometimes brown). Facts about Border Collies 10: the height. The typical height and weight for males are 19 - 22 inches (48 - 56 cm) and 30-45 pounds(14 - 20 kg). Hemp was a quiet, powerful dog to which sheep responded easily. 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